What is Atheroma ?

Atheroma (atherosclerosis) is character rised by the accumulation of cholesterol and lipids in the arterial intimal surface. Atheroma has a patchy distribution and, depending on the site and extent of disease, can give rise to a variety of clinical presentations (Table 1.1). A platelet–fibrin thrombus (clot) may form, break up and travel in the bloodstream (thrombo-embolism) with potentially life-threatening consequences. Alternatively, atheromatous plaques may rupture and ‘heal’ spontaneously.

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