The stethoscope is a medical device used in different aspects of the medical field by doctors, physicians, cardiologists, EMTs, veterinarians, medical practitioners, and other healthcare professionals for multiple purposes to diagnose patients. If you are curious to know about What are the uses of stethoscopes? Where can we use it? Then you are at the right place. We are going to discuss the – uses of stethoscopes.
A stethoscope monitors and diagnoses the condition or seriousness of a patient's disease early. Its versatility allows us to use it for multiple purposes with portable features.
So let's discuss some important uses of stethoscope.
1. Used in Medical Education and Research
We found that it is used not only by healthcare professionals but also commonly used in education and research purposes by practitioners. Use to teach students how to differentiate between normal and abnormal sounds in their research while gathering data on sounds for various cases.
2. For Listening to Lungs Sound
The stethoscope is commonly used to assess the lung condition of a patient by listening to and differentiating normal and abnormal sounds.
So, the stethoscope's chest piece is placed on the chest or back to listen to the respiratory sounds. This sound produces insights about the Lung's health.
You must listen carefully to check for abnormalities like weez,ronki,crepts, stride, and reduced breath sounds during respiration.
Then, you differentiate between normal and abnormal sounds to diagnose respiratory issues like pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, etc.
The stethoscope is an effective asset for the timely diagnosis of any respiratory issue and treatment for healthcare professionals.
3. Listening to Heart sound
Cardiologists often use stethoscopes for listening to heart sounds produced during the opening and closing of heart valves. We can find disorders in valve functionality by using a stethoscope.
We must distinguish between normal and abnormal sounds like lub-dub, Heart murmurs during auscultation, and irregular or irregular rhythm sounds.
So, a stethoscope tells us about our heart health diseases like leakage or heart valve closures.
4. Used in detecting Bruits
We use it to detect bruits, a strange sound produced due to blood flow through blood vessels.
These sounds can indicate issues in blood vessels like atherosclerosis or stenosis, the narrowing of blood vessels. As blood flows through the vessels, Bruit sounds due to these issues that a stethoscope can detect.
5. To monitor fetal heart rate
We use it to monitor Fatal heart rate during pregnancy to assess the baby's health and well-being. A special type of stethoscope known as a Fetoscope monitors fetal heart Rate. The normal range of fatal heart rate is between 110 to 160 BPM(Beats Per Minute).
6. Use for emergency medication
Emergency doctors commonly use the stethoscope to make quick decisions and treatments by listening to lung, heart, and other internal body sounds. It helps doctors diagnose abnormalities earlier than a patient may exhibit those symptoms.
7. Can be used as a Hearing Aid
Stethoscopes are not specially designed to be used as hearing aids, but individuals with mild hearing impairment may find them helpful. It amplifies certain external sounds due to its design in certain situations.
However, it does not work in every situation as it is not designed to fulfill hearing loss needs, so it is better to consult an audiologist who can assess your needs and give appropriate solutions.
8. Used to hear Bowel sound
A stethoscope measures bowel sounds or abdominal sounds produced due to movement of air, fluid, or food and contraction or relaxation of the intestine. A stethoscope allows us to measure these sounds to diagnose abnormality by placing a chest piece on the patient's abdomen to hear bowel sounds.
Lack of bowel sounds may occur after surgery in certain conditions, and we might hear loud sounds in patients with diarrhea. So, a stethoscope effectively detects abdominal issues by hearing bowel sounds.
9. Used to monitor recovery rate after surgery
During recovery after surgical procedures and anesthesia, patients often experience slow-down bowel movements, discomfort, and reduced aptitude. Listening to that sound helps professionals monitor the patient's recovery status and any abnormality during recovery in a friendly way without discomfort.
So, doctors can adjust a patient's diet according to the situation.
10. Used a stethoscope in veterinary care
Veterinarians widely use a human stethoscope to diagnose abnormalities in animals, like cardiac and respiratory issues, detect abdominal problems, and listen to fatal heartbeats during pregnancy in large animals like cows, horses, etc. Veterinarians can use it for regular accusation to assess the overall health of animals.
11. In measuring blood pressure
The stethoscope monitors blood pressure, mostly in manual blood pressure machines. We use sphygmomanometer (cuff), and a stethoscope to measure blood pressure in a blood pressure monitoring machine.
The doctor uses a stethoscope to analyze the sound while releasing the cuff slowly lis, listening to the heartbeat, and analyzing systolic and diastolic pressure.
Tips on How to Use Stethoscope Effectively
To listen Accurately and for better auscultation, it’s important to use a stethoscope properly.
So, below are some tips for using a stethoscope.
- Choose a good quality stethoscope, such as an acoustic or an electronic stethoscope, for precise diagnosis.
- Set the patient in a comfortable position, such as listening to heard sounds lying down, and sitting up is better for lung sounds.
- Clean your stethoscope with a disinfectant wipe or alcohol swap before use for infection control.
- Put the earpiece in-ear with comfort and place the chest piece on the patient’s body.
- Don’t press too hard on the patient. Place it gently and listen to the sound carefully. You hear
- Diagnose issues by differentiating between normal and abnormal sounds.
- Move the chest piece to different areas to listen to abnormal sounds.
- Practising makes it easy to differentiate between normal and abnormal sounds, and you can also use a stethoscope effectively with time and experience.
Not only in humans, but we can also use it for animals to check recovery after surgery and overall health. We found that a stethoscope is widely used to measure blood pressure.
We must choose a quality stethoscope with good acoustic performance to diagnose the problems in the early stages.